5 jenis speech acts by john searle

searle lengkap

Classifying illocutionary speech acts

Searle (1975)[3] has set up the following classification of illocutionary speech acts:

  • assertives = speech acts that commit a speaker to the truth of the expressed proposition, e.g. reciting a creed
  • directives = speech acts that are to cause the hearer to take a particular action, e.g. requests, commands and advice
  • commissives = speech acts that commit a speaker to some future action, e.g. promises and oaths
  • expressives = speech acts that express the speaker’s attitudes and emotions towards the proposition, e.g. congratulations, excuses and thanks
  • declarations = speech acts that change the reality in accord with the proposition of the declaration, e.g. baptisms, pronouncing someone guilty or pronouncing someone husband and wife
  • Classifying illocutionary speech acts

assertives directives commisives expressives declarations


2 thoughts on “5 jenis speech acts by john searle

  1. Is “Question” a type of illocutionary act?
    What is the illocutionary act of an utterance like “Do you know Mary?”

    • “Question” is the form and illocutionary act is “the soul”. the utterance like “Do you know Mary” should be viewed on the contact of who’s the speaker and the intention of the speaker and his or her intonation in addressing the Question. it is like the Utterance of the main character in TERMINATOR the movie “I’ll be back” it is not only a statement but a threat to his enemy. similarnya “Do you know Mary?” can be a commisive, representative or any kinds of speech acts depends on the context of the speaker and hearer.

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