Description of Moral Values
According to Sternberg, morality refers to concern with is good or right in peoples relationship with each other. It is to be specific about definitions of good (or bad) and right (or wrong), since the terms can be used in several different ways. Social relationship can be judged by standards such as efficiency or showing careful when makes judgements and decisions (Sternberg, 1994: 938). Henry Hazlitt asserts that morality is an art to maximize happiness because by considering this matter it is will be useful for our self and the other people (Hazlitt, 2003: 109).
William James Earle states that in contemporary English, the words moral and ethical derive from the Greek ethos meaning usage, character, personal disposition or tendency. Morality and moral derive from the Latin mores, meaning customs, manner, and character (Earle, 1992: 178). As stated by Oxford Advances Learner’s Dictionary, moral relates to the standard or principles of good behavior (Hornby, 2010: 959).
the theories of moral values seen on literary works
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the theories of moral values seen on literary works 2