basic hindi/urdu

mai tumse jarur miluga (Hindustani) Main tumse avashyá miloonga ( Hindi)

 = a fullstop/period sign in Hindi(called “purna viraam” in hindi)

  • You are welcome [as in welcome to our home] = आपका स्वागत है। (aapkaa svaagat hai)
  • Hello = नमस्ते (namasté)
  • How are you? = आप कैसे हैं? (aap kaisé hain?) [hai is pronounced nasally like in “hand”]
  • Goodbye = अलविदा (alvida) (also नमस्ते, namaste) (also फिर मिलेंगे phir milenge and the reply is ज़रूर मिलेंगे zaroor milenge)
  • Thank you = धन्यवाद dhanyavaad or शुक्रिया shukriya
  • Thank you very much = आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद (aapkaa bahut bahut dhanyavaad)
  • Please = कृपया (kripyaa [most people just say please or add zara into the sentence])
  • Excuse me = क्षमा/माफ़ करें kshamaa/maaf karén (क्षमा and माफ़ are synonyms)
  • Good = अच्छा achchhaa
  • Bad = बुरा buraa
  • Friend = मित्र (mitra) (friend neutral gender) यार (yaar) (close friend) दोस्त dost (male friend) सहेली saheli (female friend). [Note: usually दोस्त is used by men to address another man, सहेली is a girl’s girl-friend, यार is girl’s boy friend.]
  • What is your name? = आपका नाम क्या है? aapka naam kya hai? [This is used to address a persn with respect e.g. an older or unknown person. Similar to vous in French or usted in Spanish.] तुम्हारा नाम क्या है? Tumhara naam kya hai [This is used to address a younger person or a close friend. Similar to Tu in French and Spanish.]
  • Nice to meet you. = आपसे मिलकर खुशी हुई aapse milkar khushii huyii
  • Birthday = जन्मदिन janmadin [जन्म (Janma means birth; din means day )
  • Happy Birthday! = जन्मदिन मुबारक हो । janmadin mubaarak ho OR जन्मदिन की शुभकामनाएँ! janmadin ki shubhkaamnaayehn
  • Tomorrow/Yesterday = कल kal (Hindi does not have seperate words for yesterday and tomorrow, the meaning is determined from the context that the word is used; if the context cannot be determined from the tense of the verb, longer expressions could be used: tomorrow = आनेवाला कल aanevaalaa kal, yesterday = बीता हुआ कल beetaa huaa kal)
  • Would you like to eat something? = क्या आप कुछ खाना पसंद करेंगे? = Kyaa aap kuchh khaanaa pasand karenge?
  • My name is = मेरा नाम _____ है Mera naam _____ hai
  • I love you = मैं तुमसे प्यार करता/करती हूँ Mai tumse pyaar karta/karti hoon (karta = male speaker; karti = female speaker); notice, tumse can be written together as तुमसे as well as separately as तुम से
  • Day after tomorrow/Day before yesterday = परसों Parso (see note for tomorrow/yesterday)
  • And = और Aur
  • Go = जा Jaa (to small kids or servants) / जाओ Jaao (ja-ow) / जाइए (जाइये) Jaaiye (respect) / जाना Jaana (to go) / जाएँ Jaayen(nasally spoken) (very polite)

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