Belajar English Idiom dan slang

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Slang dan Idioms

Idiom dan Slang


  • dough, moolah– moneyu (non-countable.) I won a lot of dough at the casino. Look at all of this moolah!
  • greenback, buck– American dollar (countable.) Look at how many greenbacks you have in your wallet! Could you loan me a buck for the subway?
  • megabucks– a lot of money. I would love to be like Bill Gates. He has megabucks.
  • (work for) peanuts– almost no money, very little money. John should quit his job because he is working for peanuts and he can’t afford his rent.
  • max out (a credit card)– spend up to the limit of a credit card. Susie bought so many clothes she maxed outher credit card.
  • stretch money– be careful to make money one has last longer. Tony and Teri had to really stretch their money in order to pay all of their bills. They ate a lot of cheap food last month.
  • flip a coin– make a decision by tossing a coin in the air and calling heads or tails. (heads = side of coin with picture of a person’s face, tails = opposite side of coin.) Let’s decide who will start the game by flipping a coin.

Part of body

  • see eye to eye– agree. Joan and Grant see eye to eye on spiders. They both hate them.
  • put one’s foot in one’s mouth– to say something embarrassing and then realize it was bad. I said Frank was ugly and then I realized he heard me. I really put my foot in my mouth.
  • stay on one’s toes– be ready/ prepared for something. Firefighters have to stay on their toes. They may have to fight a fire at anytime.
  • keep an eye on– watch something to make sure it is okay. Could you keep an eye on the baby while I go to the store?
  • lend/give someone a hand– to help with something. That box looks heavy. Let me give you a hand.
  • be in over one’s head– be in a situation that is very difficult. Alan was really in over his head when he started studying advanced chemistry. It was so hard for him.
  • keep one’s fingers crossed– to hope that something good will happen. I’m keeping my fingers crossed that I will get that job.
  • get cold feet– get nervous, especially before marriage. The night before the wedding Alex got cold feet. He wondered if he should really get married.
  • have one’s heart set on something– really want something. My son Tommy really has his heart set on that new bicycle. Maybe I will buy it for his birthday.


  • raining cats and dogs– raining very hard. Wow! Look outside. It’s raining cats and dogs.
  • (to be) full of hot air– a person who talks a lot and says things that aren’t completely true. He’s always talking about how he is going to find gold in the river. I don’t believe him. I think he’s full of hot air.
  • when it rains it pours– nothing happens and then everything happens. Nobody ever visits my house and then 10 people come. When it rains, it pours.
  • sunny (as an adjective)- happy or pleasant. The new office girl has a very sunny personality.
  • a breeze– easy. That test was a breeze.
  • a fair-weathered friend– a person who is only your friend when everything is good.
  • under the weather– feeling bad. Joan felt under the weather after she failed her history exam.
  • cloud nine– wonderful place or feeling. After I got my dream job I was on cloud nine.
  • weather the storm– survive during difficult times. Even though my father lost his job, we were able toweather the storm. Now everything is better.


  • to feel in (one’s) heart of hearts– in a person’s deepest feelings. I feel in my heart of hearts that I shouldn’t marry that man. (I feel strongly that I shouldn’t marry him.)
  • take it to heart– worry about, feel it is serious (usually feel bad about it). When Nancy’s boss said she wasn’t a good employee, Nancy took it to heart. (She felt very bad and serious.)
  • from the bottom of (one’s) heart– to really mean what a person says. You are so wonderful. I mean it from the bottom of my heart. (I really, really think you are wonderful.)
  • heartfelt– (adjective) warm feelings, sincere. My grandma gave me a heartfelt welcome when I arrived.(Grandma was really happy to see me. I could see she felt good.)
  • with all (one’s) heart– completely, a person really means what he is saying (or doing). I love you with all my heart. (I really love you very much.)
  • to get to the heart of (something)– to find out the real reason for something, get to the center or find out what really happened. Who caused this problem? We need to get to the heart of it immediately. (We need to find out what happened.)
  • to feel a hole in (one’s) heart– a feeling of sadness (usually because someone is gone.) When James died, Susan felt like she had a hole in her heart. (Susan was very sad.)
  • to have a heart of gold– to be very kind. She was a wonderful and kind person. She had a heart of gold.
  • to have a heart of stone– to be very unkind, to not care about people or things. He didn’t care about anybody. He had a heart of stone.
  • heart to heart– have a private conversation and say anything. I had a heart to heart talk with my daughter about dating. (Only the two of us talked. And we talked freely.)


  • on cloud nine– very happy. After Josie got a perfect score in math, she was on cloud nine.
  • number one– oneself, me. I have to decide what is best in my life. I have to take care of number one.
  • to put two and two together– to figure something out. The kitchen door was open and the cake was gone. Iput two and two together and realized Tom had eaten the cake.
  • two’s company, three’s a crowd– two people together are good, but three people together cause problems.I don’t want to go to the movies with you and your boyfriend. Two’s company and three’s a crowd.
  • forty winks– a short nap (sleep). I’m so sleepy. I think I will have forty winks before I go shopping.
  • dressed to the nines– dressed very nicely. When Hillary went to the dance, she was dressed to the nines.
  • the one and only– something unique, there is only one of something. I want to introduce you to the one and only Tom Cruise.
  • six to one, half a dozen to the other– (a dozen means twelve) it doesn’t matter, 6 is the same as half a dozen. Do you want chocolate or vanilla ice cream? It doesn’t matter, it’s six to one, half a dozen to the other.


dressed to kill– have on your best clothes. Susan went to the party dressed to kill.
in one’s shoes – to be in the other person’s situation. Mary lost her job. I’m glad I’m not in her shoes.
to lose one’s shirt – to lose everything, to become poor. When the stock market went down, he lost his shirt.
to roll up one’s sleeves – to prepare to do hard work. John decided to roll up his sleeves and join in preparing the big dinner.
to tighten one’s belt – to spend less money, be careful with money. When my father lost his job, we had to tighten our belt.
on a shoestring – on a budget, with very little money. That business started on a shoestringwith only $100.
birthday suit – naked, no clothes. The man ran through the town with only his birthday suiton! Everyone was shocked.


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