PAST PERFECT TENSE


A. PENGGUNAAN
1. Dipakai untuk menunjukkan suatu perbuatan yang telah selesai terjadi, sebelum perbuatan lain yang dinyatakan dalam bentuk past tense terjadi.

Contoh:
After he had broken the window he ran away.
(Setelah dia memecahkan jendela itu dia lari)

After we had had our dinner we went out.
(Setelah kami makan malam, kami pergi keluar)

The football match had come to an end before I reach the ground.
(Pertandingan sepak bola itu sudah berakhir sebelum saya tiba di lapangan).

When we arrived, the concert had already finished.
(Ketika kami tiba,konsernya baru saja selesai).

It had got/gotten worse before it got better.
(Hal itu sudah menjadi semakin buruk sebelum menjadi semakin baik).

By the time I watched my favorite program, I had drunk a cup of coffee.
(Saat aku menonton acara favoritku, aku sudah minum secangkir kopi).

By the time I got to the market, most of the stalls had already been closed.
(Saat Aku sampai di pasar, banyak toko yang baru saja ditutup.

Joko had never seen a camel before he went to the Zoo.
(Joko belum pernah melihat onta sebelum dia pergi ke kebun binatang)

Disini, kita tidak tahu kalimat mana yang lebih dulu dikerjakan. Mungkin kami menonton film dulu kemudian membahasnya di kelas atau kami membahas film itu baru kemudian kami menontonnya. Untuk menentukan pekerjaan yang lebih dulu dikerjakan, kita menggunakan Past Perfect Tense.
– After we had gone to see the movie, We discussed it in the claas.
– After we had discussed the movie in the class we went to see it.
Perhatikan dua paragraph di bawah ini!
I wanted to live in Salatiga, so I applied for a job in there. Sandi lived in Salatiga, so I called him to find out more about the culture and lifestyle there. (Mungkin Sandi masih tinggal di Salatiga ketika aku menemuinya).
I wanted to live in Salatiga, so I applied for a job in there. Sandi had lived in Salatiga, so I called him to find out more about the culture and lifestyle there. (Sandi sudah tidak tinggal di Salatiga ketika aku menemuinya).
2. Dipakai untuk menunjukkan sesuatu yang dimulai pada waktu lampau dan berlangsung sampai pekerjaan lain dalam bentuk past tense dimulai.

Contoh:
• We had had that car for ten years before it broke down.
• By the time Ani finished his studies, she had been in Yogyakarta for over eight years.
• They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than forty years.
3. Dipakai dalam conditional sentences tipe 3
Contoh:
• If I hadn’t taken my keys from the drawer, I would be unable to get into my house. (But I took my keys, I could get into my house).
• If I had known that you were coming I would have met you at the bus station. (But I didn’t know, so I didn’t come).
• If you had obeyed orders this disaster would not have happened. (But you didn’t obey so this disaster happened).
4. Dipakai dalam bentuk reported speech.
Contoh:
• Ann: I was in the US 12 months ago. George: Ann said she had been in the United States 12 months earlier.
• Ann: I have searched all the rooms. George: Ann said she had searched all the rooms.
5. Dipakai untuk menunjukkan penyesalan/ketidakpuasan pada masa lalu. Fungsi ini disebut juga hypothetical past yaitu membicarakan sesuatu yang tidak pernah terjadi
Contoh:
• Dave had never seen a camel before he went to the Zoo.
• I wish I hadn’t gone there.
• I wish I had fixed my umbrella.
• If only I had known the answer to that question.

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One thought on “PAST PERFECT TENSE

  1. Pingback: Pelajaran Grammar « NEVER GIVE UP LEARNING!

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